The GUI filter option as referred in below link applies a WHERE clause in the generated load script. Whilst this is a fully valid syntax for QVD files, it breaks the optimization of the QVD file format and will not provide a performance optimized data load. Filtering on ranges like dates would require a slightly more complex script, which the wizard does not currently support. The recommendation should be to compose QVD files in such way that date based filtering is not primarily required.
Manually you could filter a date field in QVD file by using Exists() function and filter against a previously loaded date field, for example by generating a field with all date within a desired range.