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To use Kerberos authentication with SQL Server requires both the following conditions to be true:
- The client and server computers must be part of the same Windows domain, or in trusted domains.
- A Service Principal Name (SPN) must be registered with Active Directory, which assumes the role of the Key Distribution Center in a Windows domain. The SPN, after it is registered, maps to the Windows account that started the SQL Server instance service. If the SPN registration has not been performed or fails, the Windows security layer cannot determine the account associated with the SPN, and Kerberos authentication will not be used.
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