I would review expressions in first place. Very often we forget how we can levarage set analysis capabilities to speed up calc time, for example where our FACT table is a composition of many sources concatenated together. Then it is important that each of the source is flagged in FACT or linked table and used in set analysis expression like:
f.ex (source = 1 --> Sales only data)
This is very often huge boost in timecalc.
Also review your datamodel whether you have some sort of dataisland calendar or other detached filter. They also slow down calc time a lot and you may reconsider your datamodel and try to achieve snowflake or star schema.
If it is already by the book, look at the CPU cores and RAM
Now coming to your question:
I dont think such settings exists.
You can change the time limit by adding a line
under the [Settings 7] section in the servers settings.ini file.
By default NN=60 for server but is unlimited(-1) for desktop.
This is limited on servers due to performance concerns so using calculation conditions is the reccomended way when possible.