The free desktop expires a few weeks or months after a new release of the software is out.
If for whatever reason the update fails, as seems to happen in your case, I suggest de-installing it and download the latest (free) version from our website. To do so, go here:
I downloaded the Qlik_Sense_Desktop_setup.exe from the link you provided and tried running it.
Got the same issue.
Am running on an ASUS laptop, 64 bit MS Windows 10 Home. have 8gb RAM and 500gb free space on my hard drive.
Issue appears to occur when extracting the data/folders from the download. Is there anywhere I can download the uncompressed files ?