I am not exactly sure what you are after.
If you are not set to the syntax of your expressions in your example, you might could use something like
LOAD COD, COUNTRY, FORMULA,
if(IsNull(evaluate(FORMULA))=-1,VALUE,evaluate(FORMULA)) as VALUE;
LOAD * INLINE [
COD, COUNTRY, VALUE, FORMULA
1, BRAZIL, 10,
2, COLOMBIA, 10,
3, ARGENTINA, 10,
4, USA, 10,
5, MEXICO, 10,
6, SOUTH, , "(peek('VALUE',0)+peek('VALUE',1)-peek('VALUE',3))/5"
7, NORTH, , "(peek('VALUE',3)*peek('VALUE',4))"
8, AMERICA, ,"(peek('VALUE',5)+peek('VALUE',6))"
where I set strings with QlikView expressions as FORMULA and evaluate them during load.
(Note that index for peek starts with 0, I assume in your example @1 means 1. row)
Just an idea,
where does the FORMULA syntax in your original post comes from?
As to my knowledge, there is no QlikView function that will just takes your FORMULA and evaluates it.
If the syntax is simple, you might be able to build a kind of parser in QlikView, but I don't think the effort is worth that (i.e. that's not trivial).
It looks like the FORMULA are pretty static so maybe all could be calculated before loading into QlikView with the appropriate tool (the one that takes the formula syntax).
If there are million of rows of data but only few (maybe repeating) FORMULA, you could try to rebuild the business rules behind the FORMULA inside QlikView (that requires that you have access to the rules, e.g. why and when to use "(@1+@2-@3)/5" for South. But as I understood, there are too many different FORMULAS to recode manually.
Sorry if this all is of no help,