Have you ever wondered how the examples from the Qlikview help may look like?

Please see below and enjoy responsibly...

*Top() and Bottom()*

**Description**

Returns the value of expression evaluated with the chart's dimension values as they appear on the last row of the current column segment in a table or, in the case of bitmap charts, in the chart's straight table equivalent.

If the chart is one-dimensional or if the expression is preceded by the total qualifier, the current column segment is always equal to the entire column.

If the table or table equivalent has multiple vertical dimensions, the current column segment will include only rows with the same values as the current row in all dimension columns except for the column showing the last dimension in the inter field sort order. The inter field sort order for pivot tables is defined simply by the order of the dimensions from left to right. For other chart types this can be manipulated in the Chart Properties: Sort dialog. ...

- Returns value from first (Top) or last (Bottom) row(s) per each group

**Syntax:**

**TOTAL[<fld{,fld}>]]expr - **expression

**offset - **if greater that 0 will move the evaluation of expression to rows further down or above

**count - **this parameter will only works with Chart Range Function (like RangeSum), it will specify the numbers of rows to be taken for calculations.(Please see last example)

**Data Model:**

*(Copy and Pasted below code into Edit Script window and reload)*

LOAD * inline

[

Year ,Month ,Sales

2015 ,January, 10

2015, February,20

2015 ,March ,30

2014 ,January ,40

2014 ,February,50

2014 ,March ,60

2013 ,January ,70

2013 ,February ,80

2013 ,March,90

]

Let's build a Straight Table with **Year and Month** as dimensions and expressions as below:

**Example 1:**

The *left* hand side shows use of sum(**Sales)** the* right* hand side result from our new expression.

sum( Sales ) -----------> **bottom**(sum( Sales ) )

For each row the returned value is the same as the **bottom** value for this group: 30,60.90

sum( Sales ) -----------> **top**(sum( Sales ) )

For each row the returned value is the same as the **bottom** value for this group: 10,40,70.

**Example 2**

By specifying the second criteria as **2** , the returning value is the second value from the **top **or** bottom** of each group.

In this example** top** and **bottom** are giving the same result (the middle value) as we have 3 data points for each group

** sum( Sales )-----------> top** sum( Sales ), 2 ) **sum( Sales )----------->** **bottom**( sum( Sales ), 2 )**Example 3**

** top****(TOTAL sum( Sales ) ) ****bottom**(TOTAL sum( Sales ) )Adding **TOTAL** before Sum will result with the **first** or **last** value to be assigned to all rows.(**Total** will ignore dimension)

**Example 4**

RangeAvg() takes 3 parameters-

expression --->** Top/Bottom(sum(Sales****),**

-offset of rows--->**1**-

number of rows to sum--->**2**

sum(Sales) rangeavg (**Top**(sum(Sales),1,2))

For** each group **in right table**:**

- Each row is average of values from two top rows for each group (first we are moving
**1** row above current row and then adding **2** rows)

** sum(Sales) rangeavg (****Bottom**(sum(Sales),1,2))

** **For **each group** in right table:

- Each row is average of values from two bottom rows for each group (first we are going
**1** row down current rowand then adding **2** rows)

Still feeling hungry?

How to use - Only()

Do you Qualify?- How to use QUALIFY statement

How to use - Dimensionality()

Missing Manual - GetFieldSelections() + Bonus Example

MaxString & MinString - How to + examples

The second dimension... or how to use secondarydimensionality()

Missing Manual - Below() and Above()

How to use- Dual()

Missing Manual - Before() and After()

How to use - MissingCount()

Missing Manual - Top() and Bottom()