As this is a Sense question I looked for something in the Sense tool box.
The current gauge chart doesn't support that styling. I checked Qlik Branch and no projects have been developed so far to support this functionality.
So looks like you would have to build your own extension to create this visualisation.
The KPI Object is the closest visualisation to your example.
As Andy mentioned, the KPI object is the most closest you can have. I would prefer going with building an extension, and should not be difficult at all as there are many Jquery plugins which you can make use of here to build one.
Check this out: